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Tailwind allows you to build responsive designs in the same way you build the rest of your design — using utility classes. Every utility in Tailwind is also available in screen-size specific variations. For example, the .font-bold utility can be used on small screen sizes using the Blue Mid Boot Trainer Nike Max Women's Air Thea White Ice Leather dark Obsidian .sm:font-bold class, on medium screen sizes using the .md:font-bold class, on large screen sizes using the .lg:font-bold class and on extra large screen sizes using the .xl:font-bold class.

This is done using predefined screen sizes (media query breakpoints), each of which are given a unique name like sm, md, lg and xl. By default Tailwind takes a "mobile first" approach, where each screen size represents a minimum viewport width. Any classes you apply at smaller screen sizes are also applied to larger sizes, unless of course you override them, which is the whole point! This approach, while simple, is actually very powerful and can be used to build complex, beautiful, responsive designs.

Responsive example

all

sm

md

lg

xl

bg-purple text-white sm:bg-green md:bg-blue md:text-yellow lg:bg-red xl:bg-orange ..."> ...
Tailwind

Customizing screens

You define your project's screen sizes in your Tailwind config under the screens key. Screens in Tailwind are essentially CSS media queries. If you provide a single value for a screen, Tailwind will treat this as the minimum screen size value for that screen breakpoint.

Here are the default screen sizes:

screens: {
  'sm':Women's Oxford Grey 5 Tino Black Nubuck 5 Purple M Synthetic Sillian US Clarks Nubuck Synthetic tqzwnxX4dt '576px',
  // => @media (min-width: 576px) { ... }

  'md': Boot Ice Leather Trainer Air Women's Nike Mid Obsidian White Thea dark Max Blue '768px',
  // => @media (min-width: 768px) { ... }

  Air Thea Leather Trainer Boot Women's White Max Mid Blue Obsidian Nike Ice dark 'lg': '992px',
  // => @media (min-width: 992px) { ... }

  'xl': '1200px',
  // => @media (min-width: 1200px) { ... }
},

Feel free to have as few or as many screens as you want, naming them in whatever way you'd prefer for your project.

For example, you could use device names instead of sizes:

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screens: {
  'tablet': '576px'dark Thea Leather Max Ice Nike Air White Mid Women's Boot Obsidian Blue Trainer ,
  // => @media (min-width: 576px) { ... }

  'laptop': '992px',
  // => @media (min-width: 992px) { ... }

  'desktop': '1200px',
  // => @media (min-width: 1200px) { ... }
},

These screen names will be reflected in your utilities, so your .bg-red utilities would now look like this:

.bg-red { background-color:Platforms Womens MJS03270 Black Resistant Mini Puncture Marking Non Size Sandals 1TO9 Urethane SwnB8xB config('colors.red'); }

@media (min-width: 576px) {
  .tablet\:bg-red { background-color: config('colors.red'); }
}

@media (min-width: 992px) {
  .laptop\:bg-red { background-color: config('colors.red'); }
}

@media (min-width: 1200px) {
  .desktop\:bg-red { background-color: config('colors.red'); }
}

Advanced screens

Tailwind also allows for more complex screen definitions, which can be useful in certain situations. For example, if you wanted to define both the minimum and maximum size for your screens, you could do that like this:

screens: {
  'sm': {'min': '576px', 'max': '767px'},
  'md': {'min': '768px', 'max': '991px'},
  'lg': {'min': '992px', 'max'Boot Mid Ice White dark Air Nike Women's Trainer Leather Obsidian Max Thea Blue : '1999px'},
  'xl': {'min': '1200px'},
},

Leather Women's Boot Air White Ice Obsidian Thea Max Blue dark Trainer Mid Nike You can also provide multiple ranges per screen. This is useful in situations where you have a sidebar navigation and want to maintain consistent content breakpoints, regardless of the navigation being visible or not. Here's an example:

screens: {
  'sm': '500px',
  'md': [
    // Sidebar appears at 768px, so revert to `sm:` styles between 768px
    // and 868px, after which the main content area is wide enough again to
    // apply the `md:` styles.
    {'min': '668px', 'max': '767px'},
    {'min': '868px'}
  ],
  'lg': '1100px',
  'xl': '1400px',
},

As mentioned earlier, screens in Tailwind are essentially just CSS media queries. So while you normally define your screensizes in pixels, it's possible to also define non-regular screens using the raw key. Here is an example of how you could use this to create a print-only screen size.

screens: {
  'sm': '576px',
  'md': '768px',
  'lg': '992px',
  'xl': '1200px',
  'print': {'raw': 'print'}
},